United Nations Security Council
Topic A: Rise of Immigration in the Americas
Latin American immigration has become an increasingly prominent topic of discussion among the political discourse, namely in regard to policies and reforms aimed to minimize illegal immigration to the United States. Despite the American population largely consisting of immigrants from all across the globe, its current government has taken upon itself the challenge of attempting to eradicate illegal immigration and even build a wall across the US-Mexico border to ensure the safety of US citizens, an issue so controversial and expensive the government has undergone a partial shutdown from December 2018 to January 2019 regarding its funding. This conflict has also been fueled by the increasing numbers of migrant caravans transporting massive amounts of Central American individuals and families making their way North. In addition to this, the deaths of two Guatemalan children, 7-year-old Jakelin Caal and 8-year-old Felipe Alónzo-Gomez, after being detained by US border control custody in December 2018 have sparked outrage regarding the rights of immigrants and the lack of action taken to ensure their safety. Due to the sensitive nature of immigration crises and policies, delegates must remember to participate in the debate in a civil manner while remaining true to their country’s stance on the issue to come to a viable solution to the problem.
Topic B: Cybersecurity: The Digital Frontier
Technology has become a defining feature of modern-day twenty-first-century life. Now, people and different communities communicate, organize themselves, and connect through cyberspace. Indeed, this has become an influential factor that can have positive and negative outcomes on the international community. However, some Latin American countries such as Haiti have very limited access to new technological tools due to their economic conditions. Considering the enormous effects of technological innovation, it is imperative for the UNSC to provide relief to those countries who have yet to achieve technological innovation. Thus, delegates should engage in a strong discussion to come up with plausible solutions to diminish the technological gap between countries. On the other hand, countries with a lot of technological innovation have to deal with a serious global issue, such as cybersecurity. “Cybersecurity today is essentially a continuation of three different activities: intelligence collection, sabotage, and subversion,” said Thomas Rid, a professor at King’s College London. Different aspects of world politics are now shaped by cybersecurity. One of the most well-known issues regarding this topic the United States presidential election of 2016. Events such as this have raised concerns on cybersecurity and how others may pursue a similar methodology and mindset. Another prominent issue in regards to cybersecurity is net neutrality. This has sparked several conflicts within different communities due to its significant effect on international safety. Net neutrality laws have started to disappear, causing a sense of unrest in the international community. Can the internet as we know it continues to exist without protections? Delegates have the duty to answer this question when addressing net neutrality in order to ensure international safety.