Pan American Health Organization
Topic A - Women's Health
Women’s health has long been a major source of discussion especially among emerging
countries, and one of the major concerns of the World Health Organization. The Pan American Journal of Public Health states that Women’s health needs are not being adequately met by current social and health policies in the countries of the Americas. PAHO/WHO Director, Carissa F. Etienne, has conceded that even though women in the Americas and worldwide have gained ground over the past few decades in many spheres including health care, there is still uneven progress on many issues that affect women’s health. Among the advancements is the decline in the number of preventable deaths and increased life expectancy among women, increased access to contraceptives, improved abilities to control fertility, better prenatal care, and earlier detection of breast and cervical cancer. However, research highlights that women of the region face multiple health problems, especially those with fewer resources and among indigenous and rural populations. Therefore, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) is calling on its member states to jointly develop a new women’s health agenda for the Americas which will address unmet health needs such as maternal death, severe maternal morbidity (maternal near-miss), femicide, physical and sexual violence, regional and ethnic inequalities, quality of care, mental health, traditional midwives, HIV, aging, adolescence, suicide, obesity, breast cancer, and alcohol abuse. Delegates will have to find solutions to these issues during the debate while aligning with their country’s interests and staying in character.
Topic B - Access to Comprehensive Healthcare and Medicine
Latin America is one of the most inequitable regions when it comes to healthcare, millions
people are forced to choose between spending on health and other daily expenses. It is estimated that in the Americas around one-third of the population is lacking access to healthcare. Although Latin America has progressed positively in health, challenges still remain. Quality care, medicine, vaccines, and access to timely surgery is still widely unavailable. In the Americas, there are established health care systems, and in many places, public health provision is a governmental priority. Many people look towards private facilities where a consistently good standard of care is accessible. Throughout Latin America, it is evident that the best and sometimes the only hospitals are found in large cities, while rural and remote areas might have absolutely no access to equitable medicine. PAHO advocates for all people to have access to education, food, housing, financial protection, safe drinking water, safe environments and other determinants of good health that fall outside the health sector itself. Delegates in this committee must find solutions to the lack of healthcare and access to medicine in the Americas while keeping in consideration quality and cost