United Nations Security Council
UN Security Council Description
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) primary responsibility is maintaining international peace and security. It has 15 Members and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The UN Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. In this conference, we will discuss two topics and try to reach an agreement to help nations achieve their peace and security.
Migrant Protection Protocol Policy and Title 42: The causes and effects of insecurity due to illicit crimes in the region
Migration is a large part of human movement and diversity. People migrate for many different reasons, they can be classified as economic, social, political, or environmental. The United States is one of the most famous places people migrate to because of the opportunities and freedom that is granted to them. Even though immigration has brought many positive effects to the nation, there had to be policies implemented to maintain peace, protection, and order in the region. Two policies that were implemented were the Migrant Protection POlicy and Title 42. The Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) are a “U.S. Government action whereby certain foreign individuals entering or seeking admission to the U.S. from Mexico – illegally or without proper documentation – may be returned to Mexico and wait outside of the U.S. for the duration of their immigration proceedings, where Mexico will provide them with all appropriate humanitarian protections for the duration of their stay.” (Department of Homeland Security.) And last March, during the outburst of the COVID-19 pandemic, former President Donald Trump invoked Title 42, a section of the Public Health Safety Act that allows the US government to temporarily block noncitizens from entering the US for the interest of public health and insecurity of the nation. The policy has allowed US immigration officials at the southern border to rapidly expel more than 618,000 migrants from all over the world trying to enter the United States. This policy has not been overturned despite the outcry from immigrant advocates and humanitarian groups who say that it prevents migrants from exercising their right under US and international law to seek asylum. These policies had to be implemented for the well-being of the nation and offer protection to the citizens. Our committee will be debating the importance of migration and how as countries protecting migrants is as beneficial as necessary, as well as if it’s our duty as people to show humanity to people in dire situations who need aid or refugee from detrimental conditions. Or if strict actions should be taken to have a secure and prosperous nation.