OAS Permanent Council

Committee Chairs

Mariana Lanuza

Maria Andrea Sacasa

Committee Description

Topic A: GMOs and their Impact

Technology now allows us to transfer genes between organisms and this is what we call GMOs. The use of

them however, it remains quite controversial with some arguing that the disadvantages outgrow the benefits. Allegedly GMOs would allow farmers to reduce pesticide usage, develop drought and disease-resistant crops that require fewer environmental resources, and they could also be used to produce biofortified foods. On the other hand, many scientists argue that GMOs would only increase the doses of herbicides used in a long term plan due to nature’s mutation. Another danger posed is interbreeding from laboratory cultivated and wild seeds, this shift in the native plant genes develop many important and ecological permanent consequences. While this is some listed advantages and disadvantages of GMOs there are many more to be debated. Even though not much is known from gene transferring, programs like the Golden Rice Project that specialize in creating biofortified foods to end hunger and malnutrition have been established and approved in some countries. This has led people to ask themselves, can GMOs solve world hunger? Delegates must debate whether the use of GMOs would revolutionize agriculture safely or if the dangers presented are far greater than their benefits, all this must be done standing by their designated positions.

 

Topic B: Rising Rates of Femicide in America’s 

The sheer number of women femicides has led us to normalize its existence, however, violence is never

normal. Even though the rate of murders at a global rate has decreased the proportion of women being killed has been increasing. And despite multiple efforts made by the UN, the Member States, and the European Union the creation of violence prevention programs that have a direct impact on an estimated 38 million people have reduced the femicide rate but not drastically.  Studies have shown that the majority of femicide cases are committed by partners or ex-partners that perpetrated ongoing abuse at home, like threats, sexual violence, etc. International organizations have also long fought to end violent practices that violate human rights just like female genital mutilation, which affects about 200 million women worldwide. Delegates most find an achievable solution while remaining true to their countries views on various topics.

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