OAS Permanent Council

Comité virtual

​Limit: 28 delegates

Committee Chairs

OAS Description

            The Organization of American States, or OAS, was founded in order to facilitate diplomatic discussion and cooperation between its members, made up of states in the North and South American continent. The OAS states its four main pillars to be “democracy, human rights, security, and development”, within the Western Hemisphere. Recently it has worked to protect and maintain democratic elections, monitor human rights, and promote changes and development in the Americas. The OAS consists of three branches, The General Assembly, consisting of heads of states of the nations, the General Secretariat, led by the Secretary-General of the UN, whose job it is to fulfill the decisions of the Permanent Council, and the Permanent Council, which is made up of ambassadors from each nation, which you will be representing in the conference. The Permanent Council can give resolutions to the Secretary General to be carried out, if it passes with approval from two thirds of the member states.

Committee Description

Topic A: Protection of Indigenous Land Rights
​​          Indigenous groups have been one of the most affected groups by the growth and modernization of the Americas. The issue of once being the holders of most lands, to now being unfairly left off in small reservations, has diminished not only their key resources, but also their culture, biodiversity, and bloodline. With fewer and smaller areas to live in, Indigenous groups deal with economic, nutritional, and sustenance issues that are currently at an all-time high, creating fear and doubt about the future of Indigenous lives. Aside from dealing with systematic unfairness, they also face much discrimination with the public, as governmental support is rarely given, which diminishes their hopes of being heard in this distressing discrimination. Without proper help, what now are small lands owned by Indigenous people, will soon become unlawful modern areas, creating an end to indigenous heritage. Delegates must find a suitable solution to protect indigenous land rights, maintain their culture and obtain social support.

 

Topic B: Development of Education for Indigenous Groups

            Quality education has become one of the most important pillars of development, and one of the UN’s global goals. One of the groups with the least access to quality education are indigenous groups, especially within the Americas. The lack of resources within indigenous communities often leads to children not completing their schooling, or being unable to focus on their education, as they may have to focus on working with their family or communities. Schooling may also be in hard to reach locations for some indigenous communities. Indigenous children also run the risk of losing their identities, as many schools disregard their history, or force them to speak a national language separate from theirs. They often are ethnically discriminated against within their schools, and girls are discriminated against based on their gender. The education that they do receive, is often found to be irrelevant for work or survival skills within their communities. Delegates must find ways to both improve the access to education, as well as the quality of it.

OAS Permanent Council Bulletin