Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Comité presencial

​Limit: 12 delegates

Committee Chairs

IACHR Description

                Welcome to IACHR! Any future lawyers and judges will get a glimpse of their future and will receive the necessary practice for a successful career. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights is composed of Judges, State, and Plaintiffs. Judges will have the role of questioning, debating, and formulating a resolution to the case. As a judge, you must bring insight to the debate as your questions will sway the verdict of the case. You must use the U.S. Constitution to back up some of your arguments as well as questions. In the end, all judges must vote on their verdict and will then present it to court. For the Plaintiffs and State, their role as these people will be to make a case and defend your side with the Constitution backing you up. You must also remember to use other tactics to persuade the judges to vote in your favor. Use emotion, evidence, and facts to build your case. As lawyers, you will have a 30 minute period of preparation time at the beginning of the debate for your opening statements and will have the same time at the end of the debate for the closing statements. Come prepare and use your evidence wisely. Answer the judge’s questions to the best of your abilities and have fun. Your positions won’t be handed out until the start of the debate so come prepared to be either of the three positions. We hope you understand better the procedures of the IACHR and that you join us this DALE!

Case A

                On November 3, 1991, at around 11:30 p.m. six heavily armed individuals arrived at building No. 840 Jiron Huanta, in the neighborhood of Barrios Altos in Lima, Peru. They arrived in two police cars, and once they arrived they turned off their sirens and police lights. They proceeded to cover their faces with balaclava helmets. Inside the building, a small party was in place in order to collect funds to restore the buildings. The masked men burst into the building and forced the victims to lie on the floor and proceeded to fire gunshots at the victims for about two minutes. This resulted in the killing of fifteen people and the serious injury of four people. Immediately, the assassins fled the scene in their two vehicles, sounding their sirens on their way out. Once the police arrived, they realized that the gunshots were from machine guns, the same weapons used in the Peruvian Army.

Case B

               Maritza Urrutia, a 33-year-old lady at the time, was kidnapped in Guatemala by a four-armed man on July 23, 1992. Maritza Urrutia is currently employed by the EPG or the "Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres." She was kidnapped for eight days and made to notify her family to say she was fine, as well as record a video that was later posted, claiming it was part of a plan to break away from the EGP. Every day, she was abused and interrogated. In addition, Maritza later said a testimony in which she described what happened to her during the kidnap.  Years have passed, and the State has done nothing to address this case, which was first brought to the IACHR in 2002.